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Bedwetting – everything you need to know

Bedwetting is caused by losing bladder control at night. It is certainly an uncomfortable situation, but in some cases it is normal. Read what can cause bedwetting and how to deal with it.

Bedwetting is unconscious urination at night. It is a common occurrence in young children. It can also be a symptom of the disease if it occurs in adults. About 2% of adults have cases of bedwetting that may require treatment.

Bedwetting: The lady is sitting on the bed

Bedwetting – causes

Soaking can be for a variety of reasons. If it occurs in young children (up to 5 years of age), it is normal, as children do not have complete control over urine continence. The younger your child is, the more likely you are to get bedwetting. For some people it may also be psychological.

Common causes of bedwetting for children and adults:

small bladder size;
high stress, fear, insecurity;
urinary tract infection;
neurological conditions (e.g. after a stroke);
prostate problems;
sleep apnea;
hormonal problems;
too much fluid intake at bedtime and a good night’s sleep.

Our body produces the anti-diuretic hormone (ADH), which is designed to slow down urine production at night. This allows you to sleep well through the night without having to go to the toilet.

People whose production of this hormone is low are at risk of bedwetting.

Diabetes is another disorder that can contribute to the appearance of bedwetting. During this disease, the body does not process glucose and sugar properly and may also produce more urine.

Risk factors

The main factors that increase the likelihood of bedwetting are genetics and gender. It is true that both girls and boys can have this condition, but boys have more episodes.

Family history is also not insignificant. If the child’s parents, siblings, or another close relative have had cases of bedwetting, it is likely that the child will also get it.

Bedwetting is more common in children who have been diagnosed with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).

Bedwetting – changing your lifestyle

Certain lifestyle changes can help you combat bedwetting. Here are some tips.


Here, first of all, you should drink in moderation before going to bed. A few hours before bedtime, try to limit your fluid intake, especially diuretics (beer, coffee, infusion of certain herbs).

During the day, do not limit yourself to fluids so as not to dehydrate, only moderate in the evening hours. In the case of children, there was no correlation between enuresis and the evening intake of more fluids.

Also, remember to go to the toilet just before bedtime.


In children, bedwetting can be associated with strong emotions during the day – stress, quarrel with peers, bad grades at school.

Other situations that may trigger stronger emotions in children include:

death of a loved one
pet death
the birth of siblings
change of school
he will get a long-awaited gift

If you see a child having strong emotions for any reason, talk to them about how they are feeling. Understanding the adult, honest conversation, compassion in a difficult situation for him, can reduce the risk of bedwetting.

Prepare your baby with bedwetting beforehand.

If bedwetting is frequent, it may indicate a more serious illness. Therefore, you should immediately contact your doctor for tests and proper diagnosis. You may need to see a psychologist.

It is absolutely forbidden to punish a child for the situation, nor to laugh at him. You should calmly get to know the cause and explain to your child why. It is also a stressful and embarrassing situation for a child. You can put your child in a change of dry clothes next to the bed so that the child can change overnight.

Although bedwetting may be normal in young children, if your child is older than 5, talk to your pediatrician about it. The condition may go away on its own by the time the baby begins to mature, but it can also be a sign of more serious medical conditions.

Bed-wetting – treatment methods

If the disease is responsible for enuresis, it must be treated to get rid of the bothersome symptoms. If it has a psychological background, it is worth consulting a psychologist if conversations with relatives do not bring results.

Medications that can help fight bedwetting include:

anticholinergic drugs that help soothe bladder irritation
Desmopressin Acetate – slows down the production of urine at night by increasing the ADH hormone
drugs to reduce the swelling of the prostate
medications to lower blood sugar levels


Bedwetting is most common in children under 6 years of age. In most cases it goes away on its own. It may have a mental and genetic background, but may herald more serious diseases.

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