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Personality disorders – types, symptoms

Personality disorders are always difficult to diagnose because of how each of us is different in every way. If we talk about the fact that someone has disorders, it is usually due to noticing behaviors deviating from the accepted norms. The causes of the disorder may be different, for example, through neglect, bad childhood experiences, sexual violence.

The definition of personality can be defined as the properties of a given individual – behavioral and psychologically, or more precisely, relatively stable. It is unchanging, it does not change monotonously.

Personality disorders

Personality disorders usually manifest themselves in a negative attitude towards the whole world, with an automatic withdrawal to any human actions and interactions. People suffering from a personality disorder largely have a problem with adjusting to the environment – that is, they can not be a little flexible. Such manifestations lead to frustration, i.e. pushing away and loss of the environment.

For the scared years and many studies conducted, we distinguish as many as 10 mental disorders distinguished by the DSM-V qualification of the American Psychiatric Association:

histrionic disorders
narcissistic disorders
avoidance disorders
dependent disorders
obsessive-compulsive disorder
paranoid disorder
schizoid disorders
schizotypal disorders
antisocial disorders
borderline disorders

We also distinguish other personality disorders – mental, here are a few of them:

anankastic – it is a rigid and firm adherence to the rules set for oneself. The trait in these personalities is the inability to change to the situation, lack of flexibility and spontaneity. These people are usually perfectionists.
Timid – fear appears at every step.
dependent – this type of personality has a problem with expressing its own opinion and making its own decisions. They demand constant care and support from the environment.
paranoid – people with this disorder are mainly characterized by excessive suspicion of everything, often these behaviors are irrational or absurd. Often, such people are simply secretive and suspicious at the same time.
Schizoid – mostly individualists and antisocial people. It is typical for these people to spend time alone at work or at home and not have any relationships, much less a relationship. They can be really unkind to people who (in their opinion) disturb their peace.
Borderline – A trait for this personality type is the fine line between love and hate. Their mood is not stable in an instant along with their feelings and attitudes towards another person can change by as much as 180 degrees.

How common are personality disorders?

It is said that personality disorders constitute as much as 10-20% of the general population. Gender rules do not exist as it all depends on the type of disease / disorder.

A division can be distinguished for specific disorders, e.g .:

Borderline disorder is diagnosed more often in women than in men. Behavior such as being anti-social or abusive is more common in men than in women.

ICD 10 – International Classification of Diseases

ICD 10 is the International Classification of Diseases according to which, in order to be able to diagnose any personality disorders, it should first be excluded that the condition that concerns us is not related to the brain disease, any brain damage or does not overlap with mental disorders and meets the data criteria:

Clear attitudes and behaviors, usually covering many areas of functioning, e.g. emotionality or excitability – unfortunately, people with a disturbed personality tend to behave too aggressively and rude during even a standard conversation, they can be flashy or demanding
the pattern of misbehavior is always long-lasting and is not limited to episodes of mental illness
the pattern of improper behavior is comprehensive and clearly maladjusted to various individual and social situations, e.g. the person does not conform to the set norms
these difficulties always appear in childhood or adolescence and persist into adulthood
disorders that lead to a distinctly malaise (distress) which may be noticeable and may only appear later
the disorder usually, but not always, coexists with significant difficulties in professional and social performance. It may be difficult for the patient to start cooperating with other people or being an attentive listener.

Treatment of personality disorders

Treatment of any personality disorder is very difficult and requires long-term treatment. This is due to the fact that in the case of personality disorders, the patient does not feel helplessness, sadness or suffering, but perceives the personality as the foundation. It is for this reason that patients with personality disorders in Psychiatric or Psychological offices show up only when their condition is really severe, e.g. the beginning of depression, the moment of crisis, anxiety disorders.

The treatment itself is usually carried out by a psychiatrist / psychologist who conducts individual or group therapy, which is in the behavioral-cognitive stream. This type of therapy consists in identifying the problem by the patient and the therapist, then the therapist helps the patient to change cognitive and behavioral aspects.

Remember not to underestimate any symptoms in yourself or in your relatives, if you see disturbing changes, make an appointment to Telemedicine now for a new service – a psychiatrist.

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