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Control tests – at what age, what to test

Control tests are aimed at checking our health. We should perform them regularly in order to quickly detect possible irregularities and the beginning of serious diseases. This will increase our chances of a quick, complete recovery.

Depending on the age and gender, we should be tested once a year or less frequently. The tests we should do depend on our age. Below we present a small cheat sheet of what, when and why it is worth researching.

a doctor in blue gloves draws blood from a patient wearing a white shirt to do a control tests

Control tests – children

From birth, we are subjected to various tests and examinations that determine our health condition. Right after we were born, we are examined on the Apgar scale, where the highest score we can get is 10 points. The vital signs that are studied are;

  • skin tone (pale, bluish, pink);
  • heart rate (no activity, less than or greater than 100 beats per minute);
  • reaction to irritation of the nose (absent, slight bent, sneezing or coughing);
  • muscle tightness (laxity and lack of tension, weak or normal);
  • strength of breathing (absent, weak, normal).

Points are awarded for each criterion – 0,1,2, which are then added up to give the final score.

If the baby is healthy, no further tests are needed. However, if the child is suffering from something, something does not “work” as it should, the doctor may order more detailed tests.

The toddler must undergo a series of vaccinations, so during the visit, the doctor examines the toddler – pain, weight, holding the head, hips, etc. If something disturbs the doctor, he will most likely order a blood count and urine test. It will depend on their results whether further research is needed.

Health balance

It is important that parents take their children to the doctor for the balance sheet. It can be the balance sheet of a 2,4,6,8,10-year-old (they are usually made every 2 years). There, the doctor will check the eyesight, hearing, height, weight, dentition, auscultate the child, measure the pressure, check the hormonal development at a later age (signs of puberty).

Other check-ups of children from 2 to 12 years of age

Nowadays many children suffer from obesity, diabetes and anemia. That is why the doctor may order check-ups in this direction.

Sugar level testing

Sugar in children of Ślęża also from age, but the average is 70-100 mg / dl. We talk about diabetes when the result is above 125 mg / dl.

Cholesterol

The norm in children is up to 190 mg / dl, but when the child suffers from diabetes, this result should be less than 130 mg / dl.

Pressure

Here, too, the norms depend on age, but they should not exceed 100/60 in children up to 12 years of age, and in newborns 80/50.

Anemia

In order to diagnose or rule out anemia, iron levels are tested. If a child is deficient in this element, we are talking about anemia.

Control tests of children 13 – 18 years of age

Here, in addition to the above tests, there are also control tests related to proper maturation. Sex hormones can be tested. The doctor will also visually examine the development (e.g. of the breast). Girls who have started menstruation can go to the gynecologist with their mother to see a young woman (especially when the periods are very painful).

In addition, when adolescents begin intercourse (unfortunately the age limit drops), tests for HIV, gonorrhea and other sexually transmitted diseases can be performed if necessary.

Control tests of young people 19 – 29 years old

Of course, such people should perform blood counts and abdominal ultrasound at least once every two years. Lung X-rays can be done once every 3-5 years. Women should undergo cytology and ultrasound of the breast once a year.

Breast cancer and uterine cancer are the most common female cancers. Therefore, it is worth checking yourself every year, because early detection gives a good chance of full recovery.

It is also worth doing tests once every year in the direction of:

hepatitis B, C – we can get infected with it when using the same razors, toothbrush, during intercourse. It is a common liver virus and is often asymptomatic at first. In a more advanced form, it can lead to cirrhosis of the liver;

tuberculosis – especially if you suffer from frequent coughing. Tuberculosis, although we associate it with old diseases for which we already have vaccines, is still a dangerous disease. It is transmitted by droplets.

Control examinations at the age of 30-49

At this age, check-ups are carried out mainly to detect possible more serious diseases. With age, the likelihood of getting sick increases. And it is not only cancer, but also diseases of the thyroid gland, heart and other more serious ailments.

Once a year, people at this age should have thyroid hormone levels (TSH, T4 and T3) checked, blood counts, sugar and cholesterol levels tested, and a soak test done. Women should perform gynecological examinations and study the level of sex hormones (the possibility of early menopause, as well as when trying to get offspring). Men must not forget about the examination of the prostate gland and hormone levels. Prostatitis and prostate cancer are among the most common diseases in men. Prostatitis occurs mainly at a young age.

Control tests in people 50+

Here, too, the above research should be repeated every year. It is also worth checking the level of appropriate minerals in the body – magnesium, calcium, potassium. You should also pay attention to the work of the intestines. Cancer of the colon and colon attacks frequently. Be sure to check your thyroid hormones, sex hormones, but also pancreatic and liver enzymes once a year.

Summary

Jako podsumowanie zamieszczamy tabelkę podsumowującą artykuł.

Age

0-12

13-18

19-29

30-49

50+

Control tests

– Apgar scale

– morphology

– EKG

– research

urine

– iron level

– balance sheet every 2 years

– morphology

– urine

– the level of sex hormones

– sugar level

– cholesterol level

– testing for dr. sexual

– iron level

– breast ultrasound

– morphology

– urine

– the level of sex hormones

– thyroid hormone levels

– abdominal ultrasound

– sugar and cholesterol levels

– pressure control

– liver enzymes

-cytology

-morphology

– urine

– abdominal ultrasound

– cytology

– sugar and cholesterol levels

– blood pressure

– thyroid ultrasound

– thyroid hormone levels

– breast ultrasound

– test of sex hormones

– liver and pancreatic enzymes

– element level

-morphology

– urine

-USG of the abdomen and thyroid gland

– Thyroid hormones

– PSA hormone level

– prostate examination

– the level of sex hormones

– testing of pancreatic and liver enzymes

– testing the level of sugar, cholesterol

– pressure control

– tumor markers if necessary

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