Scabies – it is a skin disease considered to be the most common skin disease. The tropical and subtropical climate favors the spread of the disease. People who suffer from poor immunity or young children with scabies are most at risk. It is also worth mentioning that scabies is a contagious disease caused all over the world by the human parasite Sarcoptesscabie.
Norwegian scabies – a rarer variety of scabies, but its heavier variety. People who are at greatest risk are those suffering from mental and physical retardation, and those with low or impaired immunity. Characteristic symptoms for this type of variety are changes on the skin in the form of callous scabs with scales located on the hairy head, elbows, face, knees, hands and feet. There is not always a rash or severe itching during the disease. An important aspect is that this variety carries a high risk of contagion. To infect another person, simple basic contact is sufficient, such as shaking hands or through the clothes of the sick person.
Animal scabies – found in cats, cows, dogs or pigeons. It is small, with a possible length of approximately 0.4 millimeters. These types of parasites are very rare because they are not very infectious to humans. Deterioration with the animal parasite is difficult due to the fact that the mites do not survive long on humans, due to the difficulty of completing the human life cycle.
The process of disease development in the body begins with a fertilized female, which digs into the epidermis, reaching the corridors where she lays her eggs – which die after a few weeks. The larvae hatch after 50 hours, which later become adult scabies after about 2-3 weeks. The whole process affects the symptoms, i.e. a potential patient will develop symptoms after about 3 weeks from the moment of infection.
The main and most common symptoms include itching, which increases with warmth or touch. The skin is covered with a maculo-vesicular rash, which is often mistaken by patients as an allergic / allergic reaction. The most common areas of skin reaction include:
Sexual areas in men
Lateral finger entrustment
Skin folds and folds
Nipple in women
In terms of age, scabies can be found in different places on the body. Children usually develop rashes in places such as the hands, feet and head. neck. In children, the disease may also be significantly aggravated due to vesicular and pustular changes.
It is worth remembering that increased scratching spreads the disease, due to the fact that the sick who scratches the continuity of their skin and creates excellent conditions for the development of the disease and other infections and infections.
People for whom it has never been important to take care of themselves with regard to personal hygiene, or people with skin problems, face a greater risk of developing the disease.
Treatment of scabies in each age category is topically treated, i.e. through the use of lotions, creams, shampoos, and ointments. Your doctor’s main recommendation may be to use medications (in any of the forms mentioned above) right after your bath. The bath must last more than 10 minutes as this allows better penetration through the patient’s epidermis.
The application of the preparation should take place regularly, by spreading it over the entire body, but omitting the head (only in adults). Particular attention and precision in spreading the preparation should be paid to the folds, genital areas and between the fingers. The most frequently chosen preparation is permitricin, which is a concentration of 5 percent, it is selected for its effectiveness in use and patient safety. Sulfur ointment with a concentration of 6-10 percent is most often used for children and pregnant women.
After applying the appropriate therapy, a potential patient should stop infecting after about 1-2 days. An important rule in proper treatment is the decision to treat all your relatives so as not to spread the disease any further.
The good news for everyone is that scabies is classified as a curable disease in a very simple way, but ignoring it can have terrible health effects, which is important, scabies will not go away from the patient without treatment.
Complications do not occur too often with scabies, they may arise due to the downplay of the disease or too late treatment. Complications such as:
Irritation after using the drug
Nodular changes in children
Persistent itching of the skin
Unfortunately, we infect scabies through contact with a sick person or clothes or furniture that belong to the sick person. The common cause of infection at an early age is the pathway of infection through sexual contact, which is important that no form of protection such as contraception can prevent infection.
Outside of human skin, mites live approximately 48 to 72 hours. Hence? The possibility of contracting scabies indirectly, in other words, when we use things that were previously touched by a sick person.
Unfortunately, the disease itself carries a high risk of contracting an infection through the simplest contact with the sick person or his or her belongings, but you can try to prevent it, good methods to prevent it may be:
Taking care of personal hygiene
Frequent change of bed linen, towels, bathroom rugs, etc.
Frequent hand washing or disinfection
Thorough vacuuming of carpets and upholstery as well as their washing or disinfection
Use of flip-flops in public showers