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Stress and its impact on the body and psyche

Stress – this is the body’s reaction to an event or activity that is difficult to deal with emotionally. Stress is involved in our daily lives and can have a positive or negative effect. Long-term stress can harm not only our health, but also our well-being – that is, the inability to cope with stress.

The causes of stress

Stressors, or factors influencing the feeling of stress, are:

  • Family
  • job
  • Health problems
  • Financial problems
Stress: The lady keeps her hand on her head

There is also a list of the 10 most stressful events ranging from the most stressful (100 scale) to the least stressful (45 scale), here they are:

Death of a spouse (100)
Divorce (73)
Marital separation (65)
Jail stay (63)
Death of a close family member (63)
Injury or illness (53)
Getting married (50)
Termination of work (47)
Coming up with a quarreling spouse (45)
Retirement (45)

Types of stress

Stress in terms of its duration can be divided into two groups:

Sharp – usually it is sudden and intense, it occurs in unexpected / crisis situations.
Chronic – accompanying us every day due to, for example, financial problems or a problem with our own children

Negative and positive stress are disguised as eustress and distress. Positive, called eustress, is a stress that mobilizes us, motivates us and gives us energy to act, e.g. during wedding preparations, before going on the first date, after being promoted at work.

Distress is stress accompanying us with frustration, anxiety and fear, it has a negative effect on the body, leading to exhaustion, deterioration of the immune system, problems with circulation, etc.

Symptoms of stress

The symptoms of stress vary and should not be underestimated. The most common physiological symptoms include:

Dark spots in front of the eyes (visual disturbances)
High blood pressure
Shaking hands
Sleep disturbances (insomnia, anxiety)
Frequent infections
Lowered libido
Skin problems (on the face and body)
Problems with the digestive system (diarrhea, constipation, nausea)
Excessive sweating
Shallow breathing
Chest pain (often referred to as a quagmire)
Loss of consciousness (usually with sudden and intense stress)

Stress and the psyche

Stress affects general well-being, but can also cause mental disorders and contribute to permanent personality changes. Most often, long-term can lead to depression. Changing behavior, various non-obvious behaviors may also indicate that a person under the influence, who may:

To worry constantly
Constantly avoid situations that create tension
Consume large amounts of alcohol
They can be tearful
Eat too few or more meals
Difficulty making decisions
Excessive nervousness

The effects of stress

When you are under, your body releases the hormones cortisol and adrenaline. When begins to creep into everyday life, too much “hormones” begins to be produced, which results in poor physical feeling and ultimately leads to negative health effects. Adrenaline affects the muscles, which with a long-lasting effect leads to their shortening. Elevated cortisol and adrenaline levels can manifest as:

Back pain
Feelings of tightness in the throat
Acute headaches
Taut pain in the temples
Muscle pain

Stress also affects digestion, as elevated levels of adrenaline increase the production of digestive acids and tighten the lining of the duodenum and stomach. The feeling of stabbing abdominal pain or heartburn may indicate a disturbed regeneration process of epithelial cells, which leads to mucositis, erosions, ulcers and chronic diarrhea or constipation.

For people living under constant, another risk is insulin resistance, and consequently type 2 diabetes. This is due to too much hormones, which increases blood glucose and at the same time disrupts the cells. High cortisol levels can contribute to weight gain. The habit of gaining weight under stress results from the increased storage of fat in fat cells. This type of fat tends to be deposited in the abdominal area, although it doesn’t have to be due to eating more food (come on, sometimes stress chewing is used anyway), but because of high cortisol levels.

How to fight stress?

The best solution is physical activity. Choosing an activity in the form of relaxation or breathing may turn out to be the point of departure for everyday. Yoga as a way to deal with has gained great popularity in recent years. Research shows that yoga as a physical activity reduces the levels of the hormone (cortisol) in the blood. For those who are looking for more thrill, choosing martial arts training is a good option as a physical activity. This will relieve and leave in drops of sweat. It is also worth mentioning that before starting any dispute, it is recommended to visit a doctor in order to check whether the person has any health contraindications.

Acceptance and understanding can also become the key to success in fighting. Analyzing a given situation that is stressful for us and breaking it down into “I’ll do something about it” or “I’ll accept it” can avoid a state. Moreover, you have to remember that we are only human and we do not always have an influence on what happens or will happen.

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