It is a flat joint with a range of mobility from 2 to 4 degrees. Despite their low mobility, these joints play an extremely important role. It is estimated that the pains in the lower back that are currently reported by patients result from dysfunction of these joints and are related to a sedentary lifestyle.
The pelvis is the “connector” between the upper and lower body. Thanks to it and the sacroiliac connections present there, it is possible to stabilize the spine, perceive loads and locomotion with minimal energy expenditure.
The most common causes of sacroiliac pain:
– functional blockage, i.e. the displacement of the sacrum in relation to the hip bone,
– hypermobility, is the cause of overstretched ligaments and thus the instability of the sacroiliac joint,
– pregnancy, which is associated with a change in the incidence of the body’s center of gravity and with an increase in advancement with hormonal changes affecting the ligaments,
– mechanical injuries
– injuries of the soft tissues surrounding the joint.
Ailments are usually located near the sacroiliac bone or the joint itself. It happens that the pain is radiating and affects the groin (in men also the testicles) or the lower limb. For this reason, sacroiliac joint dysfunction is often confused with sciatica or discopathy.
It is worth noting that not every patient experiences pain in the case of a diagnosed dysfunction. Some of them experience discomfort in the form of stiffness or limited freedom of movement.
Treatment of the sacroiliac joint:
During a visit to a physiotherapist, an interview with the patient is collected, a physical examination is performed, including appropriately selected differentiating tests, and only on this basis a diagnosis is made. After diagnosing the problem, the physiotherapist will instruct the patient and propose the most appropriate therapy for his case.
Remember that every person is different, and therefore in the case of Mr. / Mrs. B, what works for Mr. / Mrs. B does not have to work, so do not act on your own and make use of a visit to a specialist.